Management and direction over National Defence

1. The Leading Role of the CPV over the VPA and the National Defence

The CPV puts forth the guidelines and makes decisions on the issues relating to the Homeland defence strategy. Through Party organizations, it maintains the leadership of the entire political system in defence activities.

The CPV exercises the absolute, direct and all-round leadership over the VPA in order to make the VPA strong politically, ideologically and organizationally. The Party’s leadership over the VPA is achieved through the system of Party organizations, the chain of command, the system of political organizations, political cadres at all levels, and public mass organizations at grassroots level.

The system of Party organizations in the VPA comprises the Central Military Party Committee (CMPC in short) and Military Party Organizations at all levels. The General Secretary of the CPV Central Committee is the Chairman of the CMPC. The CMPC also includes Vice Chairman and members appointed by the Politburo, including some members of the CPV Central Committee within the army and some others outside the army. Party executive committees from those at the level directly reporting to CMPC to the grassroots level are elected by their corresponding party congresses.

CMPC proposes to the CPV Central Committee the issues of military and national defence guidelines and missions, the national defence plan, directions and measures of building the all-people national defence, Party’s leadership mechanisms over the VPA. It is CMPC’s responsibility to coordinate and instruct its immediate subordinate executive committees in the implementation of the Party’s resolutions and directives concerning the military and national defence. CMPC exercises direct leadership in the building of the comprehensively powerful VPA, and the building of pure and sound Party organizations in the army. By improving the quality and efficiency of Party and political work, the CMPC ensures firm and increased Party’s leadership over the army. The CMPC performs the collective decision-making on major issues such as policies, programmes, plans of action for the implementation of the Party’s directives and resolutions, measures for building the VPA, and decisions on the VPA personnel issues. The CMPC directs the General Political Department and through the General Political Department, it directs Party organizations and the system of commissars and political organizations at all levels in conducting the Party and political work in order to make the VPA strong politically, ideologically and organizationally to accomplish all of its missions.

The system of political organizations in the VPA comprises the General Political Department and political organizations in the units of all levels. The General Political Department directs the Party and political work within the VPA, operating under the leadership of the Politburo and the CPV Central Secretariat, particularly under the direct and constant leadership of the CMPC. Based on the resolutions, and the directives of the Party Congresses, Party Central Committee, Politburo, Party Secretariat and the resolutions of the CMPC; and the orders of the Minister of National Defence, the General Political Department proposes to the CMPC the guidelines, measures and action plans for the Party and political work in the army; directs, instructs and inspects the performance of that work at all levels. The VPA political organizations carry out the cultivation of and education on the CPV guidelines, advocacies and policies, the State laws; direct and instruct the building of pure and sound Party organizations and cells; instruct military units to carry out anti-psychological warfare measures; coordinate with local Party executive committees, authorities and public mass organizations in disseminating and mobilizing people to fulfil their duties of defending the Homeland.

The commissars and junior commissars preside over political work at all levels. Units at the levels from company to battalion have junior commissars. From the level of regiment to military region and the equivalent there are commissars. The commissars and junior commissars are responsible to their superiors and the Party executive committees for the entire Party and political work within their units, for directly guiding, instructing, inspecting, organizing and executing the Party and political work as regulated; while concurrently taking part in designing and organizing the performance of the unit’s plans.

2. State Management of National Defence

The State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam carries out the national defence management as defined by its Constitution and laws. The basic contents of the State’s national defence management consist of promulgating a system of statutory documents on national defence, signing international conventions and agreements on defence cooperation, building master and specific plans for national defence mobilization, and organizing and guiding the implementation of national defence tasks and necessary measures to defend the Homeland.

The National Assembly is the supreme organ of State authority of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the sole body with the right to promulgate laws concerning fundamental domestic and foreign policies, the country’s socio-economic, national defence and security tasks, decisions on the building and organization of the armed forces and matters of war and peace, and to define the state of emergency and other special measures so as to ensure the national defence-security. The National Assembly exercises supreme supervision over the State’s national defence activities. Since 2005 the National Assembly has passed a number of laws concerning the national defence, such as the Law on Amendments and Supplements to several articles of the Law on the VPA Officers, the Law on National Defence, the Law on Amendments and Supplements to several articles of the Law on Military Service, the Law on National Security, the Law on the People’s Public Security, and the Law on National Border. The Standing Committee of the National Assembly has enacted a series of national defence decrees, for example, the Decree on the Maritime Police, the Decree on the Militia and Self-Defence Force, the Decree on the Intelligence, the Decree on the Border Guard, the Decree on National Defence Mobilization and the Decree on Defence Industry.

The State President is the Chairman of the Council of National Defence and Security, the Commander-in-Chief of the people’s armed forces. The President declares the state of war, orders limited or general mobilizations, declares the state of emergency locally or nationally, proclaims and issues other laws and decrees on national defence, and promotes officers of the people’s armed forces to the ranks of Senior Lieutenant General and General.

The Government is the supreme executive organ of the State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. The Government promulgates decrees and resolutions to specify the implementation of national defence laws and ordinances. It also makes policies on the consolidation of national defence and building of the VPA, maps out the master and specific plans for defence mobilization, organizes and directs the implementation of national defence tasks and necessary measures to safeguard the Homeland. As delegated, ministries and branches undertake the national defence education and international cooperation in certain aspects related to national defence, ensure the material life for the armed forces, implement welfare policies for the rear, and inspect the fulfilment of national defence tasks, etc. Since 2004, the Government and the Prime Minister have issued a number of documents regarding national defence. The Government has institutionalized the responsibilities of branches, levels and strata of people in building provinces and cities into defence zones firm in politics, wealthy in economics, strong in national defence and security, which are the sound foundations for the all-people national defence. The Prime Minister decides the promotion of officers of the armed forces to the ranks of Major General and Lieutenant General.

Attachment:

Ministry of National Defence - Socialist Republic of VietNam
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